Gough Whitlam was an Australian politician who served as the 21st Prime Minister of Australia from 1972 to 1975. Whitlam was born in Melbourne in 1916 and educated in Sydney and Canberra. He interrupted his legal studies at the University of Sydney to serve as a Royal Australian Air Force navigator in WW2. Whitlam was admitted to state and federal courts as a barrister in 1947, and was appointed Queens Counsel in 1962. Whitlam entered Parliament in 1952 as an ALP member of the House of Representatives in the seat of Werriwa. In 1960 he was elected deputy leader of the Labor Party and in 1967 he assumed the leadership and became Leader of the Opposition. Whitlam led Labor to victory at the 1972 election after 23 years of Liberal-Country Coalition government. A record number of bills were enacted in the 3 years Whitlam was in power. He immediately ended conscription, withdrew troops from Vietnam, and introduced an ambitious legislation program on human rights, family law, the environment, education, health, welfare and aboriginal land rights. Whitlam’s term abruptly ended when his government was dismissed by the Governor-General on November 11, 1975, following a constitutional crisis. Liberal leader Malcolm Fraser was appointed caretaker Prime Minister until an election was held on December 13, 1975, which resulted in the defeat of the Whitlam Government. Whitlam resigned from the leadership after the ALP lost again at the 1977 election, and left Parliament in 1978. Whitlam remained politically active and went on to become a visiting professor to publish books and comment on political affairs. He died October 21, 2014, aged 98.