Fred Hollows was a New Zealand-Australian ophthalmologist who became known for his work in restoring eyesight for countless thousands of people in Australia and many other countries. Hollows was born on April 9, 1929 in Dunedin, New Zealand. After completing his medical studies he moved to Australia in 1965 and worked at a Sydney hospital, eventually becoming head of the eye department. While working in Sydney, Hollows became aware of the serious health issues facing aboriginal people and set up the first Aboriginal Medical Service in Redfern in 1971. In 1975 he established the National Trachoma and Eye Health Program and visited hundreds of remote Aboriginal settlements, treating thousands of Aboriginals for trachoma and other avoidable eye diseases. From 1985 to 1991 Hollows visited Nepal, Eritrea and Vietnam as part of his pledge to help third world citizens with eye diseases. In 1990, Fred Hollows was awarded Australian of the Year in recognition of his work in treating avoidable blindness in some of the world's poorest communities. He died in Sydney, Australia in 1993, aged 63. It has been estimated that more than one million people in the world can see today because of initiatives instigated by Hollows, the most notable example being The Fred Hollows Foundation.